The Town of Anthony Texas is a type A General Law municipality
Type A General Law Cities Type A general law cities operate under the aldermanic form of government. The term “alderman” is often used interchangeably with the term city council, and the modern name of the board of aldermen is the city council. The size of the council is determined by whether the city is divided into wards (e.g., special districts). See TEX. LOC. GOV’T CODE § 22.031. In cities where there are no wards (which includes most Type A cities), the council is made up of the mayor and five council members. If the city has been divided into wards, the council is made up of a mayor and two council members from each ward. In either case, the mayor does not vote except in the case that his vote is needed to break a tie. Id. § 22.037. A quorum consists of a majority of council members for general business (e.g., three council members if city does not have wards), and two-thirds of the council for a special or called meeting or a meeting concerning taxation (e.g., four council members if the city does not have wards). Id. § 22.039. The mayor does not count toward a quorum in either case. Type A city council members have a two-year term of office unless a longer term of office is adopted under the Constitution. Id. § 22.035; TEX. CONST. Art. XI, section 11. At each new governing body’s first meeting or as soon as possible, the council must elect one of its members to be the mayor pro tem for a term of one year. TEX. LOC. GOV’T CODE § 22.037. The mayor pro tem continues to vote, but fills in for the mayor if the mayor refuses or is unable to act.
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